The Ebola virus (EVD) virus has returned to the scene of a new outbreak found in the north and west of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo on Tuesday confirmed that a new outbreak of the deadly virus in the Wangata health center in Equateur province. The latest health emergency is in the midst of a global coronavirus epidemic that has already affected at least 373,439 people worldwide.
At least six cases of Ebola are still found in Wangata, of which four are dead and two are alive and cared for. A press conference released by the World Health Organization (WHO) said that 3 of the 6 cases were confirmed by lab tests. A news report said this was the worst Ebola outbreak in Congo since it was first discovered in the country in 1976. Read below to learn a few facts about this dangerous virus.
What is Ebola virus infection and how does it affect the human body?
The Ebola virus, formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a rare but deadly disease caused by a group of viruses within the Ebolavirus genus. Of the five types, four of them can make people sick. The virus, when it enters the human body, invades certain cells – those immune cells and liver. The immune system pierces the body and causes severe bleeding within the body, resulting in damage to almost every organ. According to the WHO, the average Ebola mortality rate is about 50 percent – however, mortality rates vary from 25-90 percent in previous outbreaks.
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Where does the Ebola virus come from?
Scientists don’t really know where the Ebola virus came from, however, they believe the virus is transmitted by animals by bats or non-human primates which is a potential source, according to the CDC.
How does the Ebola virus spread?
This virus is transmitted by contact with the skin or body fluids of an infected animal such as a fruit flask or a human being. It spreads from one person to another. You can catch the virus by contacting the corpses. The virus has been detected in the sperm of men infected with Ebola, indicating that the virus can remain in the body fluids such as men or patients with no symptoms. However, there is no evidence that the virus can be transmitted through sexual or other contact with water from a woman who is infected.
What are the signs and symptoms of Ebola?
Symptoms and symptoms of Ebola virus include –
Muscle and joint pain
A sore throat
Lack of appetite
As the disease progresses, it causes bleeding from the eyes, ears, nose and the inside of the body. Some people may vomit or cough blood, have skin rashes, diarrhea, etc.
How is Ebola treated?
The treatment for the Ebola virus includes a test serum to help destroy infected cells. Also, basic interventions such as oxygen, blood pressure medication, fluids and electrolytes, hypertension can help treat symptoms, improve chances of survival.
Currently, no antibiotic is licensed to treat or treat EVD, although drugs are being developed to prevent the virus from making copies of itself.
Is there a vaccine to prevent Ebola?
The US FDA has approved an Ebola vaccine called ‘rVSV-ZEBOV’ (tradename “Ervebo”) on December 19, 2019. The vaccine, which is a single-dose regimen, has been found to be safe and only natural in the Zaire ebolavirus strain of ebolavirus. This is the first FDA approval of the Ebola vaccine.
The best way to prevent the disease is to avoid going to known outbreaks. Also, health care workers and those who bury the bodies can reduce their risk of infection in accordance with infection control procedures. This includes wearing protective clothing, such as gloves, masks, arrows and eyewear, to keep infected people separate from others.